Essay on heart disease in women
Heart disease in women is characterized by
Consuming fast foods from McDonalds also. The accuracy of myocardial perfusion imaging scans used to be less in women in the past due to smaller vessel size and breast attenuation, but with more advanced SPECT imaging techniques performed with Technetium sestamibi the predictive value of the scans has improved dramatically. Clin Chem Lab Med. September; 84 3: — Type 2 diabetes mellitus after gestational diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Symptoms The symptoms of heart disease depend on which condition is affecting an individual. Hypertens Res.
An interrupted blood flow damages or destroys part of the heart muscle. Since women tend to have smaller frames, their options are limited.
Don't smoke, actively or passively. In terms of benefit with standard therapies, evidence reveals that ACE inhibitors and ARBs have similar effects on men and women.
Women and heart disease
Your risk for heart disease increases if you're depressed or feel chronically stressed. Smoking: Smoking is a major risk factor for heart attacks. At presentation in STEMI, both men and women have comparable symptoms of chest pain, but women tend to have more concomitant vaso-vegetative symptoms that can mask the chest pain, with less extensive ST-T elevations at admission especially at younger ages. Coronary heart disease , arrhythmia , and myocardial infarction are some examples of heart disease. Women are at a higher risk for heart disease than men because of a lack of knowledge and information. In this review we summarise the major issues that are important in the diagnosis and treatment of coronary heart disease CHD in women. The relative efficacy and safety of clopidogrel in women and men. There are many factors that can increase your risk of getting heart disease.
In-hospital and 1-year mortality in 1, women after myocardial infarction. Do men benefit more than women from an interventional strategy in patients with unstable angina or non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction? Effects of candesartan for middle-aged and elderly women with hypertension and menopausal-like symptoms.
Is heart disease more common in males or females
Pulmonary stenosis It becomes hard for the heart to pump blood from the right ventricle into the pulmonary artery because the pulmonary valve is too tight. February 14; 6: — There are many factors that can increase your risk of getting heart disease. The growing plaques may block the delivery of nutrients to the artery walls, causing them to lose their elasticity. N Engl J Med. The main contraindication for using angiotensin converting enzyme ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers ARBs , or ARBs and neprilysin inhibitors in females is pregnancy due to the risk of birth defects associated with these drug classes. A low exercise capacity in symptomatic as well as in asymptomatic women is a strong predictor of five-year mortality. Arch Intern Med. Women with aortic stenosis tend to have smaller, thicker-walled ventricles than men despite having similar degrees of outflow obstruction, implying differences in physiological and biological responses other than diastolic dysfunction. Comparison of peak exercise oxygen uptake in men versus women in chronic heart failure secondary to ischemic or idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Death varies by ethnicity! Deswal A, Bozkurt B. Irregular heartbeats are common, and all people experience them. Some feel extremely tired or short of breath.
A systematic review and meta-analysis of international variations across 31 countries. Totowa, NJ. Gender differences in survival in advanced heart failure.
Here are some examples.
However, when they change too much or occur because of a damaged or weak heart, they need to be taken more seriously and treated.
July; 7: —
based on 26 review