Iran J. This indicates that even if a great deal of recyclable solid wastes is generated in the city, it is not drawn to the attention anybody for the purpose of recycling.Most developing countries which have found success with composting revealed that composting works best when implemented at household level, with some project doing well at community level as well. Zurbrug C. On the other hand, the survey showed that nobody care about the waste dumped in the river banks. Public Participation Public Participation may be broadly defined as the involvement of citizens in governmental decision-making processes. Some models of public participation are given below. Wast e collect ion is an im port ant aspect of w ast e management. It is recognized as a practical method of disposing of certain hazardous waste materials such as medical waste. In addition to reuse, recycling is also an obvious treatment of solid waste problem. First, it can serve to reduce total volume and weight of waste material that requires collection and final disposal. Nigeria needs low capital cost and labor-intensive solutions that reduce poverty Ogw ueleka, Some of the waste is taken away by the river water during rainy season while the rest remains piled in the river gorge and on its banks plate 6. It can be inferred t hat w ast e management processes have been carried out haphazardly. Similarly, it is observed that lack of financial resources, institutional weakness, improper selection of technology, transportation systems and disposal options, social problem associated with lethargy towards environmental cleanliness and sanitation have made this service unsatisfactory and inefficient in the study area. Other practical steps are involvement of the private sector; income generation through planned collection services; refuse collection charges; practical and attitudinal changes of the citizens tow ards w astes in general. Jigjiga City, like other cities in developing countries, faces problems associated with poorly managed solid waste operation.
Some of t he fact ors influencing solid w ast e generat ion in Nigeria and locally in Abeokut a include inadequat e t echnology, facilit y for separat ion at source, st rengt h of solid w ast e management policy and enforcementenvironment al educat ion and aw areness and income st at us of individuals among ot hers Adeoye, and Abel, It is not effective in addressing matters of intense local interest but may be effective if activists can attract the sympathy of a large number of other inactive members of public.
Distribution of Socio-Economic characteristics of respondents. Those w it h t ert iary educat ion as t heir highest level const it ut ed Equipments like digital camera and GPS were used for photographing and ground control points by the researchers during field observations.
In other words, it means the use of a product more than once in its original form for the same or a new purpose.
The one chosen should reflect the public input required.
Yohanis Birhanu M. Gardner and Bezayeargued that composting is an ancient practice where more cities in the world nowadays are reclaiming the benefits of reusing solid organic waste material.
However, if we see the wastes from the recycling point of view, many of the constituents are compostable and recyclable materials, and hence it indicates that recycling practices are effective SWM practice.
The study discovered that there is low performance of SWM in the city mainly due to: lack of properly designed collection system and time schedule, inadequate and malfunctioning operation equipment, open burning of refuse, poor condition of the final dumpsite and less awareness creation among community which encouraged illegal dumping are the technical problem identified.As a result of this, the willingness of the population to cooperate with waste collection operation and to pay for the service is low. Just like waste generation rate, physical composition of solid waste is also extremely variable as a consequence different factors. Population and housing census of Ethiopia result for Somali region. Some of the households, who are not enjoying municipal services, have their own way of household waste disposal. Most developing countries which have found success with composting revealed that composting works best when implemented at household level, with some project doing well at community level as well. An assessment…………………………………. It t herefore focused on ident ifying w ast e management problems, evaluat ing t he current performance of w ast e handlers i. Trends and problems of solid waste management in developing countries: A case study in seven Palestinian districts. The worse of these dumpsites is their extreme proximity to both residential areas and public institution at a less than ten to twenty meters plates 5. The data on generation rate and the percentage contribution of each solid waste source might have changed through time due to the change in demographic and socio-economic conditions of the residencies.